Opportunities And Challenges Of Wireless Sensor Networks In Smart Grid Pdf

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Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. This paper presents issues and trepidations associated with transferring from conventional methods of electricity monitoring and distribution to the cyberspace, especially in developing countries like Nigeria where current approaches have failed to provide regular, reliable electric power.

The Smart Power Grid is a developing concept already put to test, successfully, in very advanced countries. The implementation of the Smart Grid will include the deployment of many new technologies and multiple communication infrastructures.

Connecting the electricity grid to the Internet can provide a lot of advantages in terms of control, data viewing and generation. However, in Nigeria, the proposal to transfer conventional methods to the Smart Grid has perhaps not hit the deck yet because of excessive focus on power generation, and because of the annotated reservations associated with the Internet, as the Smart Grid involves circulation and dispersal via inter-networking structures. This paper describes the key technologies that support Power Grid substation automation, summarizes the mode of implementation into the existing Nigerian electrical infrastructure and brings fore issues and mitigating approaches to provide a seamless and securitised transfer of the current power grid to the Smart Grid.

International Journal of Engineering and Mathematical Intelligence, 1. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, 2, Business Day. Journal of Security Engineering, 7, BKP Security, Inc. In: Flick, T. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, 3, Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Akure. Informatica, 31, Information Security Technical Report, 15, Information Security Technical Report, 14, International Journal of Communications, DOI: Abstract This paper presents issues and trepidations associated with transferring from conventional methods of electricity monitoring and distribution to the cyberspace, especially in developing countries like Nigeria where current approaches have failed to provide regular, reliable electric power.

Share and Cite:. Ajayi, A. Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflicts of interest. References [ 1 ] Sule, A. Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus. E-Mail Alert. History Issue. Frequently Asked Questions. Recommend to Peers.

Recommend to Library. Contact Us. All Rights Reserved. Sule, A. Azinge, E. Gungor, V. George, E. Bello, O. Abawajy, J. Sydelle, S. Kim, T. Meserve, J. Fehrenbacher, K. Cavoukian, A. Polulyakh, E. Fan, Z. Flick, T. Akella, R. Lee, A. Open, S. Saranya, P. Alese, B. Adetunmbi, A. Gams, M. Ambler, S. Ogundele, O. McDaniel, P. Intel Computing Technologies for the Smart Grid. Ling, A. Vieir, M. Anderson, C. Wright, A.

Wiki Cybersecurity. Treek, D. Sarka, K. Colwill, C. Raymond, D. Newsome, J. Sheela, D. Singh, V. Xu, Y. Ahmad, S.

Networking architectures and protocols for smart city systems

Smart grids, the next generation of electric grids, require the deployment of sophisticated monitoring and control systems to enhance their operational efficiency. Wireless sensor networks WSNs have been considered as a promising communication technology for the monitoring and control of smart grid operation. They bring significant advantages such as, rapid deployment, low cost and scalability. However, the deployment of WSNs in smart grids brought new challenges mainly due to the electric grid features. Consequently, traditional WSN communication protocols have been shown inadequate and several recent research efforts were dedicated for their optimization.

We present some of the ongoing standardisation work in M2M communications followed by the application of machine-to-machine M2M communications to smart grid. We analyse and discuss the enabling technologies in M2M and present an overview of the communications challenges and research opportunities with a focus on wireless sensor networks and their applications in a smart grid environment. Smart grid SG networks will be characterised by the tight integration of a flexible and secure communications network with novel energy management techniques requiring a very large number of sensor and actuator nodes. The communications network will not only facilitate advanced control and monitoring, but also support extension of participation of generation, transmission, marketing, and service provision to new interested parties. In order to realise the intelligent electricity network, machine-to-machine M2M communication is considered as a building block for SG as a means to deploy a wide-scale monitoring and control infrastructure, thus bringing big opportunities for the information and communication technology ICT industry.

Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. This paper presents issues and trepidations associated with transferring from conventional methods of electricity monitoring and distribution to the cyberspace, especially in developing countries like Nigeria where current approaches have failed to provide regular, reliable electric power. The Smart Power Grid is a developing concept already put to test, successfully, in very advanced countries. The implementation of the Smart Grid will include the deployment of many new technologies and multiple communication infrastructures. Connecting the electricity grid to the Internet can provide a lot of advantages in terms of control, data viewing and generation.

A Comprehensive WSN-Based Approach to Efficiently Manage a Smart Grid

The Smart Grid SG is conceived as the evolution of the current electrical grid representing a big leap in terms of efficiency, reliability and flexibility compared to today's electrical network. However, the SG has posed significant challenges to utility operators—mainly very harsh radio propagation conditions and the lack of appropriate systems to empower WSN devices—making most of the commercial widespread solutions inadequate. In this context, and as a main contribution, we have designed a comprehensive ad-hoc WSN-based solution for the Smart Grid SENSED-SG that focuses on specific implementations of the MAC, the network and the application layers to attain maximum performance and to successfully deal with any arising hurdles. Our approach has been exhaustively evaluated by computer simulations and mathematical analysis, as well as validation within real test-beds deployed in controlled environments.

Metrics details. The smart city model is used by many organizations for large cities around the world to significantly enhance and improve the quality of life of the inhabitants, improve the utilization of city resources, and reduce operational costs. However, in order to reach these important objectives, efficient networking and communication protocols are needed to provide the necessary coordination and control of the various system components. In this paper, we identify the networking characteristics and requirements of smart city applications, and identify the networking protocols that can be used to support the various data traffic flows that are needed between the different components. In addition, we provide illustrations of networking architectures of selected smart city systems, which include smart grid, smart home energy management, smart water, UAV and commercial aircraft safety, and pipeline monitoring and control systems.

Skip to Main Content. A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions. Opportunities and Challenges of Wireless Sensor Networks in Smart Grid Abstract: The collaborative and low-cost nature of wireless sensor networks WSNs brings significant advantages over traditional communication technologies used in today's electric power systems. Recently, WSNs have been widely recognized as a promising technology that can enhance various aspects of today's electric power systems, including generation, delivery, and utilization, making them a vital component of the next-generation electric power system, the smart grid.

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Использование ТРАНСТЕКСТА Агентством национальной безопасности должно было регулироваться примерно так же, как в случае ФБР, которому для установки подслушивающих устройств необходимо судебное постановление. Программное обеспечение ТРАНСТЕКСТА по раскрытию кодов должно храниться в Федеральной резервной системе и министерстве юстиции.

Submission history

Она вглядывалась в группы из четырех знаков, допуская, что Танкадо играет с ними в кошки-мышки. - Туннельный блок наполовину уничтожен! - крикнул техник. На ВР туча из черных нитей все глубже вгрызалась в оставшиеся щиты. Дэвид сидел в мини-автобусе, тихо наблюдая за драмой, разыгрывавшейся перед ним на мониторе. - Сьюзан! - позвал .

Дэвид терпеливо ждал. - Сьюзан Флетчер, я люблю. Будьте моей женой. Она подняла голову. Глаза ее были полны слез. - Прости меня, Дэвид, - прошептала.  - Я… я не могу.

Оно показалось ей нескончаемо долгим. Наконец Стратмор заговорил. В его голосе слышалось скорее недоумение, чем шок: - Что ты имеешь в виду. - Хейл… - прошептала Сьюзан.  - Он и есть Северная Дакота. Снова последовало молчание: Стратмор размышлял о том, что она сказала.

2 Comments

  1. Yolande B. 13.05.2021 at 02:01

    However, harsh and complex electric-power-system environments pose great challenges in the reliability of WSN communications in smart-grid.

  2. Brendano C. 15.05.2021 at 21:46

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