Effects Of Waste Disposal On Environment And Health Pdf

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effects of waste disposal on environment and health pdf

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Disposing of waste has huge environmental impacts and can cause serious problems. In the UK much is buried in landfill sites — holes in the ground, sometimes old quarries, sometimes specially dug. Some waste will eventually rot, but not all, and in the process it may smell, or generate methane gas, which is explosive and contributes to the greenhouse effect.

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Health effects of waste management

Solid waste management issues are a highly emotive topic. Disposal costs need to be balanced against environmental impact, which often results in heated public debate. Disposal options such as incineration and landfill, whilst unpopular with both the public and environmental pressure groups, do not pose the same environmental and health risks as, for example, recycling plants. This book, written by international experts, discusses the various waste disposal options that are available landfill, incineration, composting, recycling and then reviews their impact on the environment, and particularly on human health. Comprehensive and highly topical, Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Waste Management Activities will make a strong contribution to scientific knowledge in the area, and will be of value to scientists and policy-makers in particular.

J Toxicol Risk Assess Since to , about 6. Human population increase and consistent demand for plastics and plastic products are responsible for continuous increase in the production of plastics, generation of plastic waste and its accompanied environmental pollution. We have reviewed in this paper, the most relevant literatures on the different types of plastics in production, the hazardous chemical constituents, prevailing disposal methods and the detrimental effects of these constituents to air, water, soil, organisms and human health viz-a-viz the different disposal methods. Papers that reported environmental and public health effects of plastic constituents but not plastics directly were also reviewed.

The potential environmental health impacts of waste management of municipal solid waste MSW are poorly understood, especially when the different aspects of the full chain process waste production, collection, transport, recycling , treatment, disposal are taken into consideration. To evaluate these impacts, a prognostic assessment was carried out in Lazio a region in Central Italy with about 5. The assessment compared two future waste management scenarios, reflecting different sustainable strategies, with a business-as-usual scenario. Effects of exposures to airborne pollutants particles, nitrogen dioxide , dioxins, bioaerosols, biogas, oodours and occupational accidents were conmsidered, from three main activities: waste transport, landfill sites, mechanical and biological treatment MBT and incineration. Health effects associated with mortality mainly from cardiovascular and respiratory causes , adult cancers, congenital malformations, respiratory symptoms, odour annoyance and physical injuries were assessed, and aggregated into an overall measure of the disease burden in disease-adjusted life years.

Table of Contents

Go back. Health impacts of solid waste. With increase in the global population and the rising demand for food and other essentials, there has been a rise in the amount of waste being generated daily by each household. This waste is ultimately thrown into municipal waste collection centres from where it is collected by the area municipalities to be further thrown into the landfills and dumps. However, either due to resource crunch or inefficient infrastructure, not all of this waste gets collected and transported to the final dumpsites. If at this stage the management and disposal is improperly done, it can cause serious impacts on health and problems to the surrounding environment.

Current Topics in Public Health. Waste generated by health care activities includes a broad range of materials, from used needles and syringes to soiled dressings, body parts, diagnostic samples, blood, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, medical devices and radioactive materials WHO, Poor management of health care waste potentially exposes health care workers, waste handlers, patients and the community at large to infection, toxic effects and injuries, and risks polluting the environment. It is essential that all medical waste materials are segregated at the point of generation, appropriately treated and disposed of safely WHO, Healthcare waste HCW is a by-product of healthcare that includes sharps, non-sharps, blood, body parts, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, medical devices and radioactive materials. WHO Programme activities include developing technical guidance materials for assessing the quantities and types of waste produced in different facilities, creating national action plans, developing national healthcare waste management HCWM guidelines and building capacity at national level to enhance the way HCW is dealt with in low-income countries LICs.

Health impact assessment of waste management facilities in three European countries

The aim is to identify interesting practices and analyse the key factors to increase the capacity of waste management systems to respond to health crises while keeping prevention and recycling high on the agenda. While the data collected are still under analysis, some first preliminary findings have been shared. We thank all the respondents to the survey for their precious contributions.

Environmental impacts

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Municipal waste management and COVID-19

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