Active And Passive Voice Definition Pdf

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active and passive voice definition pdf

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The active voice describes a sentence where the subject performs the action stated by the verb.

Both the active voice and the passive voice can be used with different tenses and with modals. Passive voice pv 5 change the sentences to passive voice. Active and passive voice voice refers to the form of a verb that indicates when a grammatical subject performs the action or is the receiver of the action. This questions will be useful for ssc chsl and cgl exam preparation. When a sentence is written in the active voice, the subject performs the action.

Passive Voice: When to Use It and When to Avoid It

The active voice describes a sentence where the subject performs the action stated by the verb. In fact, sentences constructed in the active voice add impact to your writing. With passive voice, the subject is acted upon by the verb. It makes for a murky, roundabout sentence; you can be more straightforward with active voice.

As such, there are many ways to change the passive voice to the active voice in your sentences. Over time, writing in the active voice will become second nature. Let's explore several examples of active and passive voice to reduce your use of the passive voice where the active voice is preferred. Before we explore a wealth of examples, let's review some active writing tips. You'll notice that, in the passive voice examples below, there are a few key words. Examples include:.

Pay special attention to the subject in each sentence. Is the subject performing the action denoted by the verb? If so, chances are you have a nice, clear sentence, written in active voice. In the passive voice, however, the subject is no longer performing the action of the verb. Rather, it's being acted upon by the verb. Put another way, the subject of a sentence in the passive voice is no longer the "doer" of the action, but the recipient of the action.

Meanwhile, what was the subject of a sentence in the active voice the "doer" becomes the "agent" in the equivalent passive voice sentence.

As you read through the following example sentences, you'll start to become an active voice expert. Do you see how the same idea can be written in dramatically different ways? Alternating between the active voice and the passive voice is powerful enough to change the subject of the sentence and shift the verb form. While the passive voice is not incorrect, it's usually less clear than the active voice. Once you're comfortable with the differences between the two, check out Change Passive Voice to Active Voice to make sure your writing remains crystal clear and enjoyable to your readers.

Examples of Active and Passive Voice. The Subject Changes in Each Voice Before we explore a wealth of examples, let's review some active writing tips. Examples include: is - is roamed; is viewed was - was changed; was run were - were eaten; were corroded Pay special attention to the subject in each sentence. Active and Passive Voice Comparison As you read through the following example sentences, you'll start to become an active voice expert. Active Voice Passive Voice Harry ate six shrimp at dinner.

At dinner, six shrimp were eaten by Harry. Beautiful giraffes roam the savannah. The savannah is roamed by beautiful giraffes. Sue changed the flat tire. The flat tire was changed by Sue. We are going to watch a movie tonight.

A movie is going to be watched by us tonight. I ran the obstacle course in record time. The obstacle course was run by me in record time. The crew paved the entire stretch of highway. The entire stretch of highway was paved by the crew. Mom read the novel in one day. The novel was read by Mom in one day. I will clean the house every Saturday. The house will be cleaned by me every Saturday. The company requires staff to watch a safety video every year. The staff are required by the company to watch a safety video every year.

Tom painted the entire house. The entire house was painted by Tom. The teacher always answers the students' questions. The students' questions are always answered by the teacher. The choir really enjoys that piece.

That piece is really enjoyed by the choir. A forest fire destroyed the whole suburb. The whole suburb was destroyed by a forest fire. The two kings are signing the treaty. The treaty is being signed by the two kings. The cleaning crew vacuums and dusts the office every night. Every night, the office is vacuumed and dusted by the cleaning crew. Larry generously donated money to the homeless shelter. Money was generously donated to the homeless shelter by Larry.

The wedding planner is making all the reservations. All the reservations are being made by the wedding planner.

Susan will bake two dozen cupcakes for the bake sale. Two dozen cookies will be baked by Susan for the bake sale. The science class viewed the comet. The comet was viewed by the science class.

The director will give you instructions. Instructions will be given to you by the director. Thousands of tourists visit the Grand Canyon every year. The Grand Canyon is visited by thousands of tourists every year.

The homeowners remodeled the house to help it sell. The house was remodeled by the homeowners to help it sell. The saltwater corroded the metal beams. The metal beams were corroded by the saltwater.

The kangaroo carried her baby in her pouch. The baby was carried by the kangaroo in her pouch. Stay Active Do you see how the same idea can be written in dramatically different ways?

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Passive and active voice exercises and answers pdf

One of our mentor will revert to you within 48 hours. Meanwhile you can Enjoy the Free Study Material. To get triumph in Competitive Exams candidates need to score well in every section of the exam paper. There are certain topics which are common in every Competitive Exam. A candidate must be having a good command on such topics to get a good rank. English has now been an essential part of every competitive exam and grammar is its core. In this blog, we will talk about Active and Passive Voice.

Active voice means that a sentence has a subject that acts upon its verb. When used correctly and in moderation, the passive voice is fine. In English grammar, verbs have five properties: voice, mood, tense, person, and number; here, we are concerned with voice. The two grammatical voices are active and passive. Write with confidence.

Examples of Active and Passive Voice

Skip to main content. Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:. She was attacked by a dangerous dog. The money was stolen by her husband.

Active voice is a grammatical voice common in many of the world's languages. It is the unmarked voice for clauses featuring a transitive verb in nominative—accusative languages , including English and most other Indo-European languages. A verb in such languages is usually in the active voice when the subject of the verb performs the action named. Active voice is used in a clause whose subject expresses the main verb's agent.

Active and Passive Voice

PDF book 1: English tenses exercises. PDF book 2: English grammar exercises. PDF book 3: English grammar rules. Read more about English grammar books PDF on e-grammar.

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Examples of Active and Passive Voice

In an active sentence, the person or thing responsible for the action in the sentence comes first. In some sentences, passive voice can be perfectly acceptable. You might use it in the following cases:.

 Пока ничего, сэр. Кажется, придется повозиться дольше, чем ожидалось, - это был звонок с мобильника. С мобильника, - мысленно повторил Нуматака.  - Это кое-что. К счастью для японской экономики, у американцев оказался ненасытный аппетит к электронным новинкам.

Метрах в пятистах сзади в снопе искр на шоссе выкатило такси. Набирая скорость, оно столкнуло в сторону Пежо-504, отбросив его на газон разделительной полосы. Беккер миновал указатель Центр Севильи - 2 км. Если бы ему удалось затеряться в центральной части города, у него был бы шанс спастись. Спидометр показывал 60 миль в час.

Вдалеке, метрах в пятистах, на фоне ночного неба возникли силуэты самолетных ангаров. Он подумал, успеет ли такси догнать его на таком расстоянии, и вспомнил, что Сьюзан решала такие задачки в две секунды. Внезапно он почувствовал страх, которого никогда не испытывал. Беккер наклонил голову и открыл дроссель до конца. Веспа шла с предельной скоростью.

Но стрелять не понадобилось. Халохот был мертв. Беккер отшвырнул пистолет и без сил опустился на ступеньку. Впервые за целую вечность он почувствовал, что глаза его застилают слезы, и зажмурился, прогоняя влажную пелену. Он знал, что для эмоций еще будет время, а теперь пора отправляться домой.

Этот метод проб и ошибок был известен как применение грубой силы. На это уходило много времени, но математически гарантировало успех. Когда мир осознал возможности шифровки с помощью грубой силы, пароли стали все длиннее и длиннее. Компьютерное время, необходимое для их угадывания, растягивалось на месяцы и в конце концов - на годы. К началу 1990-х годов ключи имели уже более пятидесяти знаков, в них начали использовать весь алфавит АСКИ - Американского национального стандартного кода для обмена информацией, состоящего из букв, цифр и символов.

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