Introduction To Gender And Development Pdf
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Gender is an important consideration in development. It is a way of looking at how social norms and power structures impact on the lives and opportunities available to different groups of men and women. Globally, more women than men live in poverty. Women are also less likely than men to receive basic education and to be appointed to a political position nationally and internationally. Understanding that men and women, boys and girls experience poverty differently and face different barriers in accessing services, economic resources and political opportunities helps to target interventions.
Published in: : pp. Achieving Gender parity has become a great concern for the world today. It is considered as a part of development strategy in many countries. When all people- both men and women have equal access to services and resources, enjoy equal rights, and get equal opportunity to develop capabilities without any bias or preferences , then the development of the country would be faster. It strengthens countries' abilities to grow, to reduce poverty, and to govern effectively. Despite considerable efforts in advocacy, creation of awareness, different strategies and programmes, Gender discrimination remains pervasive in many dimensions of life-worldwide. Though the nature and magnitude of the discrimination vary from country to country, in no part of the world gender parity is completely achieved in legal, social and economic fronts.
Edited by Jane L. Parpart, M. Patricia Connelly, and V. Eudine Barriteau. The views expressed are those of the author s and do not necessarily represent those of the International Development Research Centre. Mention of a proprietary name does not constitute endorsement of the product and is given only for information.
The happy relationship between development and gender
As illustrated in Figure 1, the gender process is long and ongoing. Practitioners are still struggling to bring a consciousness of gender issues to development work that will change perceptions and bring about true equality between men and women. Much of the work in the water sector today is affected by gender inequalities and inappropriate development projects. Without giving a proper focus to gender issues, projects often end up disadvantaging the principal group of water users, thereby affecting the lives of an already vulnerable group of stakeholders. Figure 1: Gender and development-historical framework. Adapted from: Chege,
Gender inequality implies to the unequal treatment of a person based on their gender. This concept arises from the differences in social constructed gender roles within the society. Gender inequality has been one of the social concerns during the world history of development. Therefore many organizations as well as institutions have debated on the issues concerning gender and development, and have made significant improvement to make development gender-equitable.
Gender and development is an interdisciplinary field of research and applied study that implements a feminist approach to understanding and addressing the disparate impact that economic development and globalization have on people based upon their location, gender, class background, and other socio-political identities.